Sign@l - Strategies used by the saffron producers of Taliouine (Morocco) to adapt to climate change

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Strategies used by the saffron producers of Taliouine (Morocco) to adapt to climate change

Auteur Larbi Aziz, Widad Sadok
Mir@bel Revue Revue de Géographie Alpine
Numéro vol. 103, no 5, 2015 Impact du changement climatique sur les dynamiques des milieux montagnards
Résumé anglais In Morocco, the mountainous regions extend over about 26% of the national territory where 30% of the total population live. They contain opportunities for agriculture, forestry, pastureland and mining. The production systems in these zones are characterised by crop diversification. However, these areas have become vulnerable to the effects of climate change. To understand these effects in relation to the population living in these areas, a study was carried out in the zone of Taliouine, in the Anti-Atlas. The vulnerability of crop productions to climate change was analysed and the different ways of adaptation adopted by farmers were identified. The work was done on saffron, the most profitable crop in the target area even though it requires much water.Our results show that the majority of the farmers surveyed had noticed variations in the climate of the region: irregularity of precipitation leading to a decrease in quantity and an uneven distribution throughout the year; rise in temperature; reduction in the cold period and less snow. These variations had impacts on the cropping system of saffron and its productivity. To cope with these effects, the farmers adopted various strategies: better management and use of water; diversification of agricultural activities; increase in the contribution of non-agricultural activities to their gross income; and seasonal migration.
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