Sign@l - La société plurale est-elle « conflictogène » ? Itinéraire d'un concept structurant de la science politique

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La société plurale est-elle « conflictogène » ? Itinéraire d'un concept structurant de la science politique

Auteur Nadim Farhat
Mir@bel Revue Critique internationale
Numéro no 71, avril-juin 2016 Les petits États au prisme du multilatéralisme
Rubrique/Thématique
Varia
Page 129-147
Résumé anglais Are “Plural Societies” Conflict Generating? An Itinerary to a Structuring Concept in Political Science B etter known today under the name “pluralistic society” or “divided society”, “plural society” has been a transitional concept in political science since World War II. Indeed, the political stability which certain societies containing various cultural groups have experienced has resulted in a major field of research: consociationalism. Meanwhile, the recurrent instability in some of these societies has aroused extensive investigations into the causes of community conflict. Few sociopolitical realities would have been as determining in the structuring of a discipline. Yet, a conceptual vagueness, driven by the explosion of migration, still surrounds the conception of pural society. A literature review covering many decades of scientific work is carried out here. One the one hand, it enables identification of what dinstingushes plural society from the close concept of multicultural democracy. On the other hand, it enables clearer insight into the dimension of conflict generation generally attributed to these spaces marked by a structuring cultural pluralism. ■
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