Sign@l - Répartition et circulation : les enjeux de la catégorisation dans le camp de Choucha (Tunisie)

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Répartition et circulation : les enjeux de la catégorisation dans le camp de Choucha (Tunisie)

Auteur Aurore Mottet
Mir@bel Revue Critique internationale
Numéro no 72, juillet-septembre 2016 Enfermement et catégorisations
Rubrique/Thématique
Thema Enfermement et catégorisations
Page 21-34
Résumé anglais Distribution and Circulation: Categorizing Detainees in the Choucha Camp (Tunisia) How is the material dimension of the confinement of foreigners linked with the purpose of sites of confinement – that is, managing the movement of migrants via admission or expulsion? The present article examines the distribution of migrants within Tunisia's Choucha transit camp, which, until its closure in June 2013, received Sub-Saharan migrants fleeing fighting in Libya. In order to organize the confinement of a large number of people, the authorities distributed the migrants by reference to categories of national or ethnic group membership. While separating individuals according to nationality allowed the camp's administration to guarantee peace there, it also anticipated the detainees' future administrative status (refugee, rejected asylum seeker, etc.). Used for the purpose of administering the confinement routine, these national categories reveal the manner in which the camp administration anticipated the prospects open to (or imposed upon) individuals. As the case of the “Choucha refugees” shows, some migrants thus attempted to challenge the categories according to which they had been classified.
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