Sign@l - Le « radical », une nouvelle figure de dangerosité carcérale aux contours flous

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Le « radical », une nouvelle figure de dangerosité carcérale aux contours flous

Auteur Claire de Galembert
Mir@bel Revue Critique internationale
Numéro no 72, juillet-septembre 2016 Enfermement et catégorisations
Thema Enfermement et catégorisations
Page 53-71
Résumé anglais The “Radical”: A New, Ill-Defined Figure of Prison Danger The moral panic provoked by the attraction that Islamist violence holds for young people has gone hand in hand with the emergence of a new figure of danger: that of young people who become radicalized in prison. To understand the inner workings and processes that have rendered the “radical” – whether avowed or potential – a new category of penal discourse, one must examine the systems of labelling and detection involved in the construction of what is referred to as deviant. Studying the circumstances, context and actors involved in the implementation of a policy for detecting those originally designated as “converts” reveals that the heterogeneous resistances and appropriations of this tool have not prevented the category from establishing itself. The terminological change that has taken place since 2008 via the attempt to substitute the term “radical” or “undergoing radicalization” for that of “convert” is symptomatic of the Europeanization of anti-radicalization policy, which is centered more on objective of prevention. It remains the case that the lack of a shared understanding of what is a radical – a vague and polysemous term – encourages confusion and stigmatizing conflation, exposing all Muslims to suspicion even when it seeks to neutralize this stigma.
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