Sign@l - Des « restes » résistants en milieu soninké : esclavage, sens de l'honneur et mécanismes d'émancipation

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Des « restes » résistants en milieu soninké : esclavage, sens de l'honneur et mécanismes d'émancipation

Auteur Sidi N'Diaye
Mir@bel Revue Critique internationale
Numéro no 72, juillet-septembre 2016 Enfermement et catégorisations
Rubrique/Thématique
Varia
Page 113-125
Résumé anglais Resistant “Remains” in the Soninke Milieu: Slavery, Sense of Honor and Mechanisms of Emancipation The social architecture of the Soninke community still allows old forms of domination to be perpetuated, not only via the maintenance of stereotypes but also via the concrete practices of relegation that permeate the Mauritanian social and political field. Today, many of these practices govern the people's consciousness and imaginaries and inform local and national politics. Moreover, conflicts over land ownership – a vestige of times past – have reemerged, pitting “nobles” against “servile” categories. These facts underscore the persistence of slavery, a practice that is less accepted than ever among dominated groups. As a result of evolving mentalities, social transformations and demands for human dignity, the latter increasingly seek to define themselves in autonomous fashion, mobilizing discourses and strategies to free themselves from the tutelage of large segments of the Soninke nobility. In the name of tradition and honor, this nobility seeks to oppose the overthrow of feudalism and the abolition of what are falsely portrayed in their community of origin as mild forms of slavery.
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