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Titre Développement, administration territoriale et participation de la population. L'exemple du Sénégal (1960 à 1977)
Auteur Claude Cournot
Mir@bel Revue Revue française d'administration publique
Numéro no 7, 1978/3 L'administration du développement.
Rubrique / Thématique
Page 21 pages
Résumé anglais Development, territorial administration and people's participation — The Senegalese case (1966-1977). The Senegalese example is quite remarkable, yet it has no model value. Its remarkable nature results from the fact that for the last eighteen years the rules of the country have consistently looked for formulae and Systems which are meant both to bring innovation and to stay within the ambit of African traditions. Maybe public administration's major defect is to cling to traditional structures and attitudes, however this is not the case with Senegal which gives also an example through its capacity to build up a System on the basis of collective effort within the framework of a liberal regime. But it has no model value, since a model has no value. Senegal has practically no problems of division or ethnic rivalry which upset so many African countries. It is precisely this feature which has made the achievement of decentralized structures possible without jeopardizing the country's unity. When looking at the future of Senegalese rural communities, one in fact is led to take them as the basis, both in a political and architectural sense of the term, for the whole of developmental policy ; they are, indeed, the prime factor of democratic and liberal construction, and yet they are also the closest to the socio-cultural tradition of Senegal and the "négritude" so dear to Léopold Senghor.
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