Contenu du sommaire : Collaborative Spaces in the Digital Era

Revue Journal of Innovation Economics Mir@bel
Numéro no 31, 2020/1
Titre du numéro Collaborative Spaces in the Digital Era
Texte intégral en ligne Accessible sur l'internet
  • Collaborative Spaces Promoting Creativity and Innovation - Sophie Boutillier, Ignasi Capdevila, Laurent Dupont, Laure Morel p. 1-9 accès libre
  • Mobile Technology: A New Ba of Work Organisation? - Laurent Antonczak p. 11-37 accès libre avec résumé en anglais
    The advent of the 21st century is characterised by the increase of cultural interaction in relation to a widespread digital environment. Moreover, we are witnessing an ongoing movement and transformation within the use and the sharing of knowledge, and collaboration through the growth of mobile devices and their associated products. The current digital development, particularly through mobile technology, has given way to new emerging players, intermediation platforms and new human behaviour. In addition, mobile technology can increasingly play the role of catalyst for creativity. It will sometimes even become an active agent of innovative capacity and capability across peculiar spaces and time, either physically, digitally, and, via connectivity, an exchange of intangible resources outside regulated and/or established procedures. This paper examines how mobile technology enables a contemporary consideration of the Nonaka and Konno's concept of ba within organisations by using a qualitative and hermeneutic approach. JEL Codes: O3
  • Coworking Spaces: New Places for Business Initiatives? - Diane-Gabrielle Tremblay, Arnaud Scaillerez p. 39-67 accès libre avec résumé en anglais
    Increasingly present in many countries, coworking spaces can become spaces for sharing and collaboration to improve the work conditions of self-employed workers, but also of entrepreneurs and salaried workers, although there has been much less study of these. Indeed, there are numerous studies on the self-employed in coworking spaces but few of them are dedicated to entrepreneurs and salaried people, in spite of this population being one of the targeted customers of these spaces. It is thus important to start studying this population of salaried workers and entrepreneurs to identify their interests and strategies in a coworking context. Our article contributes to this, all the more so since these groups are found more in small cities and villages, less in large cities, which mainly host the self-employed. As there is a gap in the literature on these groups, we thus studied the interest of coworking spaces for small firms' employees and entrepreneurs, a result which contributes to a better understanding of coworking and which can help in establishing coworking spaces in rural and peri-urban contexts, where they are less present to this day. This research thus contributes to knowledge of the benefits of coworking spaces for entrepreneurs and salaried workers. As has been observed elsewhere in Canada, this population of coworkers is especially critical for spaces located in rural or peri-urban areas where the number of self-employed does not allow the development of solid business models and ensure the viability of the coworking spaces. This research shows that there is definitely an interest in this type of business perspective. To answer this question as to the interest of salaried coworkers from small firms and entrepreneurs, we interviewed the founders, entrepreneurs and employees of companies using these spaces in Quebec. The goal is to better understand the strategies that facilitate business initiatives and their success in a coworking context. JEL Codes: M13, O31
  • Shaping a Public Innovation Laboratory in Bogota: Learning through Time, Space and Stakeholders - Ferney Osorio, Laurent Dupont, Mauricio Camargo, Carlos Sandoval, José Ismael Peña p. 69-100 accès libre avec résumé en anglais
    Public and private organizations are turning to innovation labs as open spaces that provide a stimulating and collaborative environment for developing new solutions. However, sustaining an innovation lab is a challenging task that requires more than well-meant intentions. Although this issue has been of interest to scholars for some time now, little is known about how innovation labs are managed or the main factors influencing their adaptation and evolution. Building on an existing framework, this article focuses on a case study of the ViveLab Bogotá, an innovation lab in the Colombian public sector. The results reveal that having a clear and shared strategic intent, effective governance mechanisms, a defined financial model, continuous knowledge generation and a community-based approach, are factors that may enable or limit an innovation lab to experience a sustainable evolution. Finally, reflections are also shared on the use of the selected framework and possible points for improvement.
    JEL Codes: O32, O35, O38, O54
  • Re-Embedding Work in a Political and Social Project: The Case of Business and Employment Cooperatives in France - Justine Ballon, Stéphane Veyer p. 101-122 accès libre avec résumé en anglais
    Among the innovative organizations that have emerged to support a growing number of self-employed workers, an innovative form of worker cooperative has developed over the past twenty years: the Business and Employment Cooperative (BEC). Faced with changes in work and employment, BECs are experimenting with new working methods by seeking to promote the autonomy of entrepreneurs within a democratic productive space. In view of the singularity of changes in work, new analytical schemes are outlined beyond the notion of salaried employment. This research is based on a field survey conducted in three French BECs. It invites us to analyze the political centrality of work in BECs through the notion of activity, inspired by the pragmatist philosophical movement. From a socio-economic perspective, this cooperative action research proposes an analysis of self-employment in BECs by breaking down the activities carried out by members (trade, community and governance), by putting into perspective the contributions and limits of multi-activity.JEL Codes: J53, J540, M540, Z130
  • Innovation Spaces in Universities: Support for Collaborative Learning - Lorena Delgado, Daniel Galvez, Alaa Hassan, Pedro Palominos, Laure Morel p. 123-153 accès libre avec résumé en anglais
    Innovation spaces are rapidly increasing in number around the world. Many universities are currently opting for the construction of a space of this kind on their premises. Innovation spaces offer an opportunity for the development of competences. In this work we study how innovation spaces can support collaborative learning. Several common factors between innovation spaces and collaborative learning are studied and identified. Based on these factors, a design and an action plan are defined for an innovation space within a public university. The proposed design and action plan are tested in a case study featuring the entrepreneurship and innovation laboratory of the Industrial Engineering Department of the University of Santiago (LEIND). The results are evaluated based on interviews with students, and these interviews validate the positive impact of LEIND in the development of their innovation and entrepreneurship projects. Work in collaboration with other actors at LEIND is highlighted as a positive outcome.
    JEL Codes: O31, O32, O35
  • Varia

    • Panacea or Illusion: An Empirical Analysis of European Science Parks in the Case of Follower Regions - Alexandre Almeida, Óscar Afonso, Mário Rui Silva p. 155-194 accès libre avec résumé en anglais

      Science and Technology Parks (STPs) have been a key policy instrument in promoting the clustering of science and high-tech firms in a particular territory and have been perceived as the solution to accelerating structural change and innovation performance within a region. Hence this policy instrument, despite the variety of conceptual approaches underlying its use, gained much popularity and benefited from significant investments across European regions and especially follower regions, which were attempting to catch up. This paper addresses these issues by discussing the many interpretations of a science park and attempting to contribute to a unified definition by studying the role of these policy instruments within the innovation system framework, and by analyzing a set of 55 science parks in the UK, Spain and Portugal to highlight key functions commonly associated with better performing parks.
      JEL Codes: O30
    • Digital Innovations in Public Administrations: Technological or Policy Innovation Diffusion? - Amel Attour, Sabine Chaupain-Guillot p. 195-219 accès libre avec résumé en anglais

      Defined as digital innovation in public administrations, electronic government (e-government) diffusion has been studied by two bodies of work in the literature. The first has mainly focused on e-government, drawing on the theory of innovation diffusion as a general framework, while the second has mainly applied the administrative policy diffusion framework to the specific case of American states. Inspired by institutional theory, this second framework has not been applied to the case of European local governments. Furthermore, each framework has been mobilized by studies examining separately one of the two levels of e-government diffusion: website implementation or website services development. The aim of our paper is to examine if technological and administrative policy innovation factors impact the level of e-government development by municipalities. For that purpose, the paper collected data from a sample of 5,108 municipalities located in the French Grand Est region.
      JEL Codes: H70, M10
    • The Impact of Perceived Privacy, Accuracy and Security on the Adoption of Mobile Self-Checkout Systems - Vess L. Johnson, Richard W. Woolridge, Wenjun Wang, Joseph R. Bell p. 221-247 accès libre avec résumé en anglais
      Traditional brick-and-mortar retailers face increasing competitive pressure from online alternatives. One promising technology to help retailers cope with the ongoing retail crisis is mobile self-checkout systems (MSCOS). However, there have been issues with MSCOS implementation. This study aims at gaining a better understanding of consumer needs related to MSCOS. Using diffusion of innovation as its theoretical lens, we explore the impact of relative advantage, trialability, compatibility, and ease of use on MSCOS adoption. Since MSCOS involves financial transactions, we also consider the impact of perceived privacy, accuracy, and security. A crowdsourcing data collection resulted in 302 responses from US respondents. Findings support that relative advantage, trialability, and perceived security positively affect usage intention. Moreover, compatibility and ease of use positively affect relative advantage, and perceived privacy and accuracy positively affect perceived security. This study provides significant insights and implications for both innovation adoption research and retail practice.
      JEL Codes: O300, O330, M150
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