Contenu du sommaire : Managerial Innovation and Open Innovation Strategies

Revue Journal of Innovation Economics Mir@bel
Numéro no 32, 2020/2
Titre du numéro Managerial Innovation and Open Innovation Strategies
Texte intégral en ligne Accessible sur l'internet
  • Managerial Innovation and Management of Open Innovation - Sophie Mignon, Cécile Ayerbe, Sandra Dubouloz, Marc Robert, Joel West p. 3-12 accès libre
  • Management Innovation and Open Innovation: For and Towards Dialogue - Cécile Ayerbe, Sandra Dubouloz, Sophie Mignon, Marc Robert p. 13-41 accès libre avec résumé en anglais
    The fields of open innovation (OI) and management innovation (MI) have been tended to be studied separately and have very little discussion with each other. This is paradoxical for two reasons. First, the work on OI has clearly demonstrated the importance of the organizational and managerial dimension but does not identify the MIs that could promote this openness and its processes. The question of “how to organize and manage the I?” remains wide open. Second, while OI paradigm has been primarily mobilized for technological innovations, a few rare works have shown interest in MI. However, knowledge of its effects on MI remains limited and fragmented. The aim of this article is therefore to bring these two literatures closer together, to place them in dialogue in order to respond to their mutual shortcomings. We show that the reconciliation of these two fields can be a source of reciprocal contributions and enrichment. JEL Codes: O36, O31, O30
  • Firm Openness and Managerial Innovation: Rebalancing Deliberate Actions and Institutional Pressures - Rachel Bocquet, Sandra Dubouloz p. 43-74 accès libre avec résumé en anglais
    The two main perspectives regarding the drivers of managerial innovation (MI) – institutional and rational – are often presented as contrasts in previous literature. This article seeks to bridge the two perspectives in an effort to analyze the external antecedents of MI in an open innovation framework. Using the French Organizational Change and Computerization survey, this analysis reveals that MI is influenced not only by active external search strategies but also by coercive pressures and a quest for legitimacy. The results also indicate a substitution effect between external search activity and absorptive capacity in relation to MI. That is, openness is beneficial for managerial innovation in manufacturing firms, but internal obstacles still dominate. JEL Codes: O31, L60
  • Intellectual Capital Impact on Open Innovation: The Case of Technology-Based Sectors in Tunisia - Tharwa Najar, Karima Dhaouadi, Ibticem Ben Zammel p. 75-106 accès libre avec résumé en anglais
    The paper proposes a conceptual model of intellectual capital (IC) and open innovation (OI) within a Resource Based View. Considering components of IC as strategic resources and OI strategies as generating capabilities (innovation capacity) to expand and manage these resources, the theoretical frame maintains that the dimensions of IC impact positively on OI strategies. The empirical evidence adopts the Partial Least Squares method by exploring the Tunisian context and performing a survey with 124 respondents in Technology-Based Sectors. Our findings stipulate that human capital and technological capital have a positive impact on inbound OI and relational capital has a positive impact on outbound OI. Theoretical and managerial implications are advanced highlighting the human, technological and relational sides of OI topic. JEL Codes: M1, O31, O34
  • The Role of Proximities in the Construction of Managerial Innovation in a Collaborative Context - Ludivine Calamel, Denis Chabault p. 107-133 accès libre avec résumé en anglais
    The dialogue between researchers in management and practitioners is increasingly intensive and regular. The objective of this research is to present a process of the co-creation of a new practice of human resources management: the labor loan for an ecosystem. For some time now, a number of French organizations have used an innovative human resources management system: the loan of labor. This system, which is regulated by French law, aims simultaneously at safeguarding local employment and at temporarily relieving companies of their payroll. The system also helps to develop the skills and employability of employees in an employment area. This research analyzes the emergence of this new practice in light of the analytical approach of proximity. A longitudinal and original methodological framework makes it possible to understand how the actors co-construct the devices of labor loan, in order to appropriate them and disseminate them within a pool of jobs. It also shows the significance of inter-organizational dynamics and the interactions between researchers and practitioners in the emergence of the system.JEL Codes: M, M5
  • From Territorialised Innovation to Collaborative Innovation Space: What Are the Issues for Contemporary Organisations? - Claudine Gay, Bérangère L. Szostak p. 135-158 accès libre avec résumé en anglais
    The objective of this article is to propose a conceptual framework for understanding the relationship {space-innovation} for current organizations in order to identify issues. The achievement of this objective requires a historical and critical reading of this relationship. The article is structured in three parts. In the first, the relationship is apprehended under the prism of the territory, seen as naturally innovative. In the second, this relationship is apprehended under the prism of the cluster and shows the need to ensure governance. In the third, we approach this relationship under the prism of the collaborative innovation space. Two particular issues currently facing organizations are detailed: (1) the obligation (or not) of organizations to open their borders and (2) the role of actors in the collaborations undertaken.JEL Codes: O310, O320
  • Managing Open Innovation through Digital Boundary Control: The Case of Multi-Sided Platforms in the Collaborative Economy - Romain Gandia, Guy Parmentier p. 159-180 accès libre avec résumé en anglais
    The sharing economy is a growing sector that is profiting from digitalization by developing multi-sided platforms allowing users to create and manage valuable transactions around products and services. However, for companies, this type of platform requires the implementation of opening processes to provide internal resources in order to help users interact between them and to innovate. This poses a problem of the openness control of boundaries of the company and the platform, which the present research proposes to study. Through the comparative study of several multi-sided platforms, we show that the control mechanisms depend on the type of boundary and the nature of the opening. We also analyze the role of the platform, technological tools and governance in the dynamic management of these boundaries, and the management of open innovation.JEL Codes: O31, O35
  • Syllogism

    • Localized Knowledge Flows and Asymmetric Motivations in Open Innovation - Joel West p. 181-196 accès libre avec résumé en anglais
      Open innovation is a paradigm that focuses on the benefits of inbound and outbound knowledge flows to improve the success of an organization's innovation efforts. Since its introduction early in this century, the concept of open innovation has evolved and matured considerably through thousands of subsequent publications. This has included refinement of the open innovation theory across different contexts and levels of analysis, as well as better evidence regarding the costs and benefits of open innovation strategies. Researchers have also continued to build upon and integrate with other theories, including business models, platforms, organizational innovation and the theory of the firm. Here I suggest two under-researched areas of open innovation. One is the tension in open innovation collaborations when one party has pecuniary motives and the other does not. The second is how a better understanding of the geographic localization of knowledge flows impacts the process of open innovation.JEL Codes: O36, O30, O31, R11
  • Varia

    • Orchestrating Platform Ecosystems: The Interplay of Innovation and Business Development Subsystems - Thierry Isckia, Mark De Reuver, Denis Lescop p. 197-223 accès libre avec résumé en anglais
      In this paper, we analyze how to orchestrate platform ecosystems in order to ensure the commercialization of constant flows of innovations. We focus on platform-owners and how they orchestrate the coupling process between the innovation part of the ecosystem and the business development part of the ecosystem. We apply a life-cycle perspective, analyzing how these two subsystems are dynamically aligned through this coupling process. Three emblematic case studies illustrate platform-owners' choices regarding the management of this coupling process. Existing accounts of ecosystem orchestration are quite scarce in the academic literature and do not systematically acknowledge that innovation and business development are subsystems. By considering the two parts of ecosystems, our paper contributes to a more fine-grained understanding of platform ecosystem orchestration.JEL Code: L190
  • Trends and comments