Contenu du sommaire : Knowledge in Cluster and Networks

Revue Journal of Innovation Economics Mir@bel
Numéro no 33, 2020/3
Titre du numéro Knowledge in Cluster and Networks
Texte intégral en ligne Accessible sur l'internet
  • Knowledge Sharing for Business Cluster and Business Network Contexts - Birgit Leick, Susanne Gretzinger p. 1-8 accès libre
  • How Knowledge-Based Local and Global Networks Foster Innovations in Rural Areas - Gesine Tuitjer, Patrick Küpper p. 9-29 accès libre avec résumé en anglais
    This paper deals with innovative entrepreneurs in rural areas, and the knowledge-related processes of business development in an institutionally thin region. It is well-known that businesses in peripheral areas benefit from extra-local knowledge flows. Here, we add to this literature through a focus on micro-businesses and through a fine-grained analysis of the interplay of different types of knowledge throughout the stages of the innovation biography. We present findings from three explorative case studies from the rural northeast of Germany. The results show that extra-local knowledge sparks the seed innovative idea and is important in marketing the final craft-product, but local ties are relevant in the actual production process. We conclude that global knowledge flows are conducive to innovation processes even of micro-businesses in peripheral areas. Therefore, rural development should not focus exclusively on fostering local networks.JEL Codes: O31, R11
  • Exploring Knowledge Sharing in Sea-Land Logistics Networks: Lessons from the Port of Genoa - Andrea Caporuscio, Marco Ferretti, Daniele Leone, Francesco Schiavone p. 31-52 accès libre avec résumé en anglais
    The purpose of this article is to analyze the impact of information technology (IT) solutions on the knowledge sharing process within the sea-land logistics network. To tackle the research aim, we illustrate the case of the Port of Genoa, the most important in Italy, the first to adopt a port community system to coordinate logistical processes. Our findings indicate how the IT platform, called E-port, improves interconnections within the system by creating a virtual network that facilitates data exchange among actors. Recent studies investigate ports as a simple logistics supply chain and not as a business network. This paper fills this gap by adopting an actor's network perspective interconnected by an IT infrastructure that acts as a knowledge orchestrator in the business network.JEL Codes: M11, M15, O33
  • Global Sourcing Strategies and the Dynamics of Cluster Knowledge Sharing: An Evolutionary Perspective - Lise Lillebrygfjeld Halse p. 53-78 accès libre avec résumé en anglais
    As clusters have increasingly become more globalized, an important question is whether this development changes the knowledge dynamics of clusters. This article addresses how cluster companies' global sourcing strategies affect cluster knowledge dynamics and innovation performance. The article combines insight from the literature on global sourcing and evolutionary theory with empirical findings from a regional cluster that has experienced the intensified globalization of cluster value chains over the last few decades. The case study demonstrates that the path-dependent characteristics of global sourcing strategies may lead to changes in cluster knowledge dynamics. Building on evolutionary theory and a case study from the maritime cluster in Norway, three propositions are presented, highlighting the path-dependent characteristics of global sourcing. A consequence of this path-dependency is that, over time, manufacturing capabilities will be lost when manufacturing is sourced out of the region in which it was previously located. This may create a barrier for the later backshoring of manufacturing. JEL Codes: O31, R110
  • The Role of Context in Transferring Knowledge: A Meta-Synthesis of Qualitative Case Studies on Multinational Enterprises (MNEs) - Maike Simon, Susanne Royer p. 79-103 accès libre avec résumé en anglais
    In this paper, our goal is twofold: First, we investigate how the headquarters (HQ) choice of knowledge transfer mechanisms is linked to (1) different types of organizational knowledge and (2) structural conditions. Second, we apply a meta-synthesis approach to cumulate empirical findings of a set of qualitative case studies which, due to the difficulty of the interpretation and generalization of results, generally tend to remain isolated, and their potential to advance knowledge in the field is largely ignored. By synthesizing primary case study evidence across a set of nine qualitative case studies, we show that HQ used a large set of measures to indirectly influence knowledge transfer in more decentralized companies. Put differently, by making conscious choices of how to transfer knowledge, MNEs can overcome structural impediments to its transfer. The technique used in this paper can be a source of inspiration for other researchers in this and related fields. JEL Codes: F23
  • Varia

    • Business Model Innovation in a Network Company - Amina Hamani, Fanny Simon p. 105-134 accès libre avec résumé en anglais
      Currently, many organizations deploy business model innovation (BMI) to respond to changes in their environments. Most studies have focused on understanding BMI only at the organization level and have not explained how it can emerge from a bottom-up process and be diffused at the network level. Consequently, challenges related to the co-existence of BMs in a network company have not been explained, potentially leading to the failure of the new BMI. The aim of this paper is to fill this void through a single-case study of CH Robinson Europe, a transportation and logistics services company. We study a particular BMI that disrupts existing behaviours and resource flows as it was deployed at the organizational and network levels. This case study demonstrates the coordination and collaboration challenges stemming from the complex relationships between actors, due to their interdependence and the complementarity of business models at different levels. Therefore, our findings extend our understanding of the emergence and diffusion of a BMI in network organizations and of the role played by inter-organizational relationships in value capture from BMI.JEL Codes: O3
    • Business Benefits of Online-To-Offline Ecommerce: A Theory Driven Perspective - Jiwat Ram, Siyao Sun p. 135-162 accès libre avec résumé en anglais
      Online-to-offline (O2O) is a rapidly-growing business innovation, yet knowledge on the benefits of adopting O2O remains limited. In particular, theoretically informed studies are scarce. Thus, this study uses the theory of IT business value to examine: which benefits can businesses realise by adopting O2O? Qualitative data (from 24 semi-structured interviews) are analysed using content-analysis techniques, and indicate that O2O benefits businesses through: (1) leveraging complementarities to optimise online–offline resource use and efficiencies, (2) profiling customers' behaviours to reach potential customers and (3) enlarging customer feedback channels to gain augmented customer understanding. Contrary to the belief that online mode is central to success, we find that leveraging offline business mode is still considered beneficial and an important avenue for building e-commerce activities. Theoretically, the results provide new insight on the benefits of adopting O2O. Managers can use the results for business case development and strategising benefit realisation of adopting O2O.JEL Codes: O33, L86
    • Measuring Innovation Efforts of Developing Countries: Empirical evidence from Vietnam - Son Thi Kim Le p. 163-194 accès libre avec résumé en anglais
      Identification of potential innovation efforts plays an important role in evaluating the innovation process. The innovation efforts of firms in developing countries might be different to those of western enterprises. This paper evaluates innovation processes in developing countries, especially the relationship between innovation efforts and innovation outcomes. Instead of capturing only investment in research and development as in western firms, the innovation efforts of firms in developing countries include investments in in-house research and development, technology acquisition, and other informal innovation activities. This research develops a mechanism to capture all innovation efforts based on firms' characteristics, market features, and business environment. A predicted value of innovation investment is created which is intended to capture observed and latent innovation efforts. It can be a broader innovation measurement for developing countries which is found to encourage complex innovation outputs (product and process innovation simultaneously) in the context of Vietnamese small- and medium-sized enterprises.JEL Codes: C52, O31, O32, O57
    • Explaining Economic Growth in China: New Time Series and Econometric Tests of Various Models - Zhiming Long, Rémy Herrera, Weinan Ding p. 195-228 accès libre avec résumé en anglais
      Supported by new statistical series on stocks of physical capital and of human capital constructed for this work, this article tries to improve the explanation of China's long-term economic growth. It begins by presenting the original databases that will be used later, emphasizing the construction methods of our different stocks of physical capital and of human capital for China from 1952 to 2012. Then, it offers econometric estimates made in the framework of a broad range of theoretical models, going from standard or augmented Solowian specifications to more or less sophisticated linearized formalizations of endogenous growth, with research and development (R&D) indicators. We find that the productive stocks of physical capital and of human capital, as well as R&D, positively and significantly contribute to Chinese GDP growth.JEL Codes: C22, C82, E13, E22, J24, N15, O11, O53
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