Contenu du sommaire : Innovative Agri-food Systems

Revue Journal of Innovation Economics Mir@bel
Numéro no 34, 2021/1
Titre du numéro Innovative Agri-food Systems
Texte intégral en ligne Accessible sur l'internet
  • Innovations in Agri-food Systems – International Trends - Véronique Saint-Ges, Corinne Tanguy, Delphine Thivet p. 1-5 accès libre
  • Innovation in Origin-Protected Localized Agri-Food Systems: Are Individual Initiatives Always to Blame? Case Studies in Mongolia and Peru - Stéphane Fournier, Blandine Arvis, Fanny Michaud p. 7-31 accès libre avec résumé en anglais
    On a theoretical basis, innovation processes in Localized Agri-Food Systems (LAFS) and potentially associated Geographical Indications (GI) are perceived as necessarily collective. Recent literature on innovation systems has pushed the actors involved in the development of these local systems increasingly towards cooperation between actors. Individual initiatives are perceived as attempts to appropriate collective action and are pursued. The trajectory of two GI-protected LAFS, Villa Rica coffee in Peru and Uvs sea-buckthorn in Mongolia, leads to a re-examination of the nature of ongoing innovation processes. While they have benefited from a territorial embeddedness, individual initiatives have prevailed over collective dynamics at different times in their history. Some of them had predatory aims, but others finally allowed the maintenance or even the development of common resources. We conclude on the need to reconsider the role of individual actors in territorialized innovation systems.JEL Codes: O31, Q16, B52, R58
  • Orchestrating a Multi-Stakeholder Supply Chain Network: The Case of Exporters in Cocoa Certification in Cote d'Ivoire - Kouamé Casimir Gboko, François Ruf, Guy Faure p. 33-56 accès libre avec résumé en anglais
    Using a case study, this article uses the concept of network orchestration to examine the role of exporters in the implementation of voluntary cocoa certification in Côte d'Ivoire. To this end, data were collected from literature reviews, surveys of two exporters, and 20 cooperatives. Actor linkage matrix, actor linkage map and discourse analysis are used to understand the role of exporters in cocoa certification in Côte d'Ivoire. The findings show that exporters not only participate in the construction of a network of actors around the implementation of cocoa certification, but above all they pilot the network to facilitate certification implementation by actively participating in the mobility of knowledge and financial resources within the network and managing the certification process. However, although exporters play a key role in the implementation of voluntary certifications, their role as network orchestrator is dilemmatic. Indeed, they use their position as orchestrator to control sales of cooperatives' certified cocoa and their premium.JEL Codes: O350, Q55
  • Impact of Diverse Technical and Economic Factors on Sustainable Farmer Market Choices: The Case of Cyprus Sheep and Goat Milk Channel Choice - Georgia Hadjipavlou, Irene Tzouramani, Christina Ligda p. 57-78 accès libre avec résumé en anglais
    This study investigated the impact of diverse technical and economic factors on sustainable dairy small ruminant farmer market choices in Cyprus. It determined the factors that affect farmer choice between selling milk to a large dairy processor or a traditional small dairy. Detailed interviews with farmers based on a structured questionnaire were conducted in the frame of the DoMEsTIc research project. We used a Probit model to relate adoption behavior to farmer, farm, and market characteristics. Both technico-economic and market aspects contributed to farmer decisions on sustainable milk market channels. Important technico-economic factors were flock size, existence of successor, availability of family labour, computer use, and breeding experience. Market factors that affected farmer decision for a suitable milk market channel were the sheep milk price, the type of contract with buyers (formal or informal), the payment method and the price differentiation according to specific milk quality specifications.JEL Codes: Q01, Q12, Q13
  • Syllogism

    • Climate Change Effects on the Perceived and Nutritional Quality of Fruit and Vegetables - Miltiadis Christopoulos, Georgia Ouzounidou p. 79-99 accès libre avec résumé en anglais
      Global climate change, its risks and required measures for their mitigation is of great importance for the agro-food sector. The present paper reviews the climate change impacts of major factors (global warming and elevated atmospheric CO2) and minor and/or indirect factors (O3 concentration, salinity and drought) on the perceived and nutritional quality of fruit and vegetables. Climate change could improve some quality traits related to the primary metabolism (e.g. photosynthesis), such as flavor associated with carbohydrates (e.g. sweetness). Also, it could enhance biochemical pathways related to the defense mechanisms of plants resulting in the improvement of some nutritional traits (e.g. antioxidants). The negative effects of climate change could be observed on product appearance (e.g. visual disorders, malformations) and nutritional value related to protein, mineral and amino acids. However, the interactions between all climate change-related factors and other factors such as genetic material and agricultural practices make it difficult to formulate a clear projection of the future impact on the quality of fruit and vegetables.
  • Varia

    • Patterns of Technology Knowledge in the Case of Ocean Energy Technologies - Maïder Saint-Jean, Nabila Arfaoui, Eric Brouillat, David Virapin p. 101-133 accès libre avec résumé en anglais
      In recent years, a strong political ambition to develop ocean energy technologies (OETs) has emerged, especially in Europe. As part of regime shifts towards a decarbonized energy system, the development of OETs is influenced by multi-level interactions occurring between the niche, regime, and landscape levels. This paper deepens the analysis of technological niches (the principal locus for regime change) by analysing the knowledge elements underlying the long-term evolution of OET trajectories. Examination of the relational properties among the knowledge elements in the OET knowledge base allows a better understanding of the structural coherence of the knowledge base within the sector. We use patent data to build a dataset of OET patents granted between 2000 and 2015. Based on this patent analysis, we discuss the knowledge base of OETs and analyse its coherence over time. Finally, we derive policy implications.JEL Codes: O33, Q42, Q55
    • Institutional Drivers of Environmental Innovation: Evidence from French Industrial Firms - Ornella Boutry, Simon Nadel p. 135-167 accès libre avec résumé en anglais
      This paper analyzes the institutional factors that influence French industrial firms to eco-innovate, by the approach of institutional isomorphism (Dimaggio, Powell, 1983). Beyond a general model of eco-innovation adoption, we test five models according to whether the environmental innovation is based on a product, process, or an organizational device. A two-step econometric model for analyzing the characteristics that lead to the adoption of eco-innovations is tested using individual data on innovation that are representative of the French industrial sector. The results highlight the role of different processes of institutional isomorphism, complementary to firm's internal resources to eco-innovation adoption. They show that such institutional factors vary according to the nature of eco-innovation (technical / organizational).JEL Codes: Q55, O33, L60
    • The Role of Design Thinking in Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Strategy and Its Influence on Innovation - Bérangère L. Szostak, Yasmine Boughzala p. 169-195 accès libre avec résumé en anglais
      Studies on the impact of design thinking in CSR strategy and its influence on innovation are not yet convergent. However, recent papers show that when design incorporates social, environmental, and economic dimensions, it leads to innovation that is respectful of the economic, social, and environmental issues within society. This article therefore explores the role of design thinking in CSR strategy and its influence on innovation through an empirical study of a French trail-running product manufacturer, Raidlight-Vertical, which jointly applies CSR and design thinking to innovate. We find that design thinking has a positive impact on a company's CSR strategy in terms of innovation because of its openness, not only to the user community (trail runners), but also to other communities (both internal and external). The company must draw on input from all its key stakeholders in order to improve its innovation through design thinking. However, its success depends on the sensitivity of those stakeholders to innovations that respect environmental, social, and economic issues, and on their receptivity to design thinking.JEL Codes: O310, O320
    • Knowledge Management Strategies Combinations: A Typology Based on the Case of Audit and Consulting Firms - Corinne Janicot, Sophie Mignon, Anne Gratacap p. 197-227 accès libre avec résumé en anglais
      The purpose of this paper is to develop a model of corporate knowledge management practices in the audit and consulting sector. A new analysis grid is proposed for KM strategies, distinguishing between the nature of the knowledge (declarative or procedural) and the level of sharing (inter-individual or collective). This grid is used to classify the combination strategies used by six representative firms from the audit and consulting sector, leading to proposal of the following typology: connection, documentation, industrialization and interaction. The contributions are both theoretical, because Hansen's model is extended, and managerial, through the recommendations for combinations of coding and personalization strategies. This study also aims to show that firms in the audit and consulting sector have complete latitude to combine these levers on an ad hoc basis, and that there is no one best way of sharing knowledge. JEL Codes: O31, M15, M12, M50, M53
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