Contenu du sommaire : Negotiating Agrarian Futures in China
|Titre du numéro||Negotiating Agrarian Futures in China|
|Texte intégral en ligne||Accessible sur l'internet|
- Editorial – Negotiating Agrarian Futures in China: Capital, Collectives, and Communities - Karita Kan, René Trappel p. 3-7
- From Peasant to Elite: Reshaping Agriculture in Gansu Province - René Trappel p. 9-18 This article contributes to the growing body of research on the role of the Party-state in shaping an emerging post-peasant modernity in rural China, taking developments in Gansu Province as a case. The article first analyses how a political preference for an agrarian elite has been put into recent policies and translates into rural practices. It argues that the “new-type agricultural management subjects,” (which form the core of this elite, should also be considered as a policy instrument designed to promote structural change in Chinese agriculture. This article proceeds to explore the capacity of the new agrarian elite as local development agents in Gansu Province. It focuses in particular on the legitimation of this instrument and its consequences for the structure of agriculture.
- Back to the Land “Peasant-entrepreneurs”: The New Actors of Chinese Peasant Agroecology - Jean Tassin p. 19-28 This paper analyses the framing processes at play in the re-definition of “peasant agroecology” in contemporary China. Based on the study of “new-farmers” who have emerged in the networks of organic peasant agriculture, it interrogates the ambiguities of food ethics as the cornerstone of alternative food markets. The research explores the emergence of “peasant-entrepreneurs” (1) through the transmission of values and skills in processes of cultural heritage enhancement, (2) through the establishment of “trust” in the market relationship, and (3) through the negotiation between producers and retailers in a quality market for singular goods.
- Convivial Agriculture: Evolving Food and Farming Activism in South China - Daren Shi-chi Leung p. 29-38 The Chinese community-supported agriculture (CSA) movement is notable for advocating a revival of peasant farming and food sovereignty. For the emerging food politics in China, the main focus is the promotion of “ethical” food in the context of food scares. Currently this promotion often relies overwhelmingly on an emphasis of ethics of trust through certification of food by intermediaries. Yet, there is controversy among CSA activists, who question whether a certifying practice can improve the relationship between consumer and producer. This paper will present an emerging alternative approach within Chinese CSA circles that focuses on strengthening participatory culture within the consumer-producer nexus. To do so, I will shed new light on the experience of food and farming activism in South China since the late 1990s. The main focus is an empirical study of Chengxianghui (CXH), an organisation that operates various consumer-led action groups in Guangzhou. In order to conceptualise the approach by the activists, this paper outlines a normative framework referred to as “convivial agriculture” that is based on the Guangdong-based practice of the Participatory Guarantee System (PGS). The framework aims to recognise and negotiate responsibilities among different actors caring for the “agricultural commons.”
- Strong Village Leadership vs. Government Investment: Reflections on a Community Reconstruction Case in Southwest China - Siyuan Xu p. 39-47 In post-socialist China, the village's collective management over community farmland, forestry, and other resources has been greatly undermined since China's reform and opening up in the early 1980s. The subsequent rural-urban migration has further dismantled rural communities. Efforts have been made to revitalise the countryside, yet little success has been achieved. This paper closely examines one community reconstruction case that experienced two development stages: village committee-led internal development based on collective management of community resources, and tourism development externally subsidised by the government. Unsuccessful as it is, the case shows the vital role of collective resource management in comparison to external subsidies and investment in community reconstruction. It also suggests that a strong community leadership can initiate the process of community reconstruction, but a lack of mobilisation and participation of community members creates underlying issues that threaten its sustainability.
- China's Internal Migrants: Processes of Categorisation and Analytical Issues - Cinzia Losavio p. 49-60 This article reveals the malleability of the boundaries between political and analytical categories related to internal migration in China. The author analyses the iterative process of categorisation, which, far from being neutral, settled, and objective, comes within government intervention strategies. Statistical categories, media practices, and the scientific understanding of migration by social sciences all dovetail with each other, showing themselves to be subject to evolving political, economic, and urban landscapes. This paper shows that the categories of spatial mobility do not correspond to those of urban integration, with implications that are not only of an administrative, material, and spatial nature but also concern identity issues.
- Revolutionary Appropriation of Disability in Socialist Chinese Literature and Film - Zihan Wang p. 61-69 Literature and film in socialist China represented disabled people primarily in two ways: either as courageously contributing to socialist development in spite of physical impairments, or as recovering miraculously due to the medical practices supported by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). This article seeks to provide a more nuanced understanding of these two narrative paradigms. In the first case, it examines a mutually constitutive structure of love and disability, and then demonstrates how writers maintained a certain agency under socialist censorship by deviating from this structure. In addition, this article traces the formation of miraculous recovery stories and argues that this process was a complex interaction among disability, Soviet or Chinese medical practices, Sino-Soviet relations, and the Mao cult. I will further explore why the second paradigm became more influential than the first one during the Cultural Revolution.
- China's Internal Migrants: Processes of Categorisation and Analytical Issues - Cinzia Losavio p. 49-60
- Reclaiming the New, Remaking the Local: Shenzhen at 40 - Mary Ann O'Donnell, Jonathan Bach p. 71-75
- GAFFRIC, Gwennaël. 2019. La Littérature à l'ère de l'Anthropocène : une étude écocritique autour des œuvres de l'écrivain taïwanais Wu Ming-yi (Literature in the Anthropocene Era: An Ecocritical Study of the Works of Taiwanese Writer Wu Ming-yi). Paris: L'Asiathèque. - Coraline Jortay p. 77-78
- FANG, Qiang, and Xiaobing LI (eds). 2019. Corruption and Anticorruption in Modern China. Lanham: Lexington Books. - Carolin Kautz p. 78-79
- LING, Minhua. 2019. The Inconvenient Generation: Migrant Youth Coming of Age on Shanghai's Edge. Stanford: Stanford University Press. - Camille Salgues p. 79-80
- SZABLEWICZ, Marcella. 2020. Mapping Digital Game Culture in China: From Internet Addicts to Esports Athletes. London: Palgrave Macmillan. - Ge Zhang p. 80-81