Contenu du sommaire

Revue International Review of Public Policy Mir@bel
Numéro vol. 5, no 1, 2023
Texte intégral en ligne Accessible sur l'internet
  • Policy advisory committees in Kenya: interest group participation and effectiveness - David Irwin, Mercy Kyande accès libre avec résumé en anglais
    Governments create advisory committees and arm's-length agencies and then delegate responsibilities and powers, sometimes merely to provide policy advice but sometimes to implement regulation. Interest groups, and especially groups representing private businesses, are often appointed to such committees. As a result, they proactively seek appointment to policy advisory committees and boards established by government, believing that this offers one route amongst several to promote their interests to government and to influence public policy. But little is known about whether they are then successful in influencing policy outcomes. This paper addresses that gap – specifically by reviewing interest groups' perceptions of their effectiveness, given the challenges of assessing actual effectiveness, in policy advisory committees in Kenya. Whilst it is possible that the policy outcomes simply reflect the policy preferences of the interest groups, these groups believe that they exert some influence on the committees on which they sit – through the provision of research evidence, clearly articulated opinion, and reasoned argument – and they further believe that the committees exert some influence on government policy.
  • Nuclear Power in Britain: A series of successful failures - Keith Baker accès libre avec résumé en anglais
    Britain's efforts to promote nuclear power represent successful failures. A successful failure is a policy program that achieves some progress or delivers short-term success but ultimately fails to deliver upon its original objectives. Britain's various nuclear power programs did deliver some limited success but often fell short of key objectives overall and incurred massive cost overruns. It is shown that government interventions often prevented outright failure, but these interventions were made necessary due to the unintended consequences of prior decisions. It is concluded that government creates the conditions that increase the risk of policy failure but through intervention, government can forestall outright failure to create a successful failure.
  • Applying the Multiple Streams Framework in Westminster systems: A comparative case study of pay-for-performance policymaking in primary health care in England and New Zealand - Verna Smith accès libre avec résumé en anglais
    The Multiple Streams Framework has been criticised for failing to recognise the strong institutional drivers of policymaking in Westminster-type jurisdictions, thereby limiting its relevance for explaining policymaking in such jurisdictions. There has been much recent scholarship exploring its relevance for such jurisdictions. However, a new method has been developed to analyse the application of this popular Framework to case studies of policymaking episodes, using a set of hypotheses to test the Framework's predictive power. This provides an opportunity to further address two key questions: the applicability of the Multiple Streams Framework to Westminster systems, and the more general question of the relationship between institutions and the Multiple Streams Framework. The research reported here has applied the new method to two episodes of health policymaking in two centralised Westminster jurisdictions with closely aligned political, policymaking and health systems, England and New Zealand. The process and outcomes of each policymaking episode, and the relevance of the Multiple Streams Framework for explaining them using the new method, are presented. While the hypotheses are found to be valid for the policymaking process and outcomes in the English policymaking episode, this is not the case for the New Zealand episode. The findings show that there is a need for greater recognition of the strong influence of institutional factors in the Multiple Streams Framework, particularly in the decision-making stages of the policy processes, especially with regard to policymaking in centralised Westminster jurisdictions.
  • Forum

    • Owning the libs: Post-truth in right-wing political discourse - Kris Hartley accès libre avec résumé en anglais
      Emerging in scholarly discussions about political discourse over the past decade, the terms ‘post-truth' and ‘denialism' refer to disagreement not on public policy strategies but on the nature of truth itself. Policy facts are now contested in ways that disrupt mainstream political narratives and weaken institutional legitimacy. In turn, the technocratic response of doubling-down on facts is faltering as the ‘burn it down' vacuity of post-truth declares equivalent political legitimacy. This strident, self-assured irrationality offers few substantive policy visions, seeking only to bewilder and ‘own' its perceived enemies including progressive ‘elites,' science experts, and academics trying to understand the phenomenon. This article discusses disruption in the political discourse about fact-informed policy issues, focusing on a looming period of epistemic instability and the futility of using systematic analysis and logic to understand post-truth.
  • In Memoriam: Bruno Dente

    • Public Policy: Vision and Mission - Claudio M. Radaelli accès libre
    • Public Policy Analysis: Deux ou trois choses que je sais d'elle - Bruno Dente accès libre
    • Explaining complexity to power. A failed mission? - Gloria Regonini accès libre avec résumé en anglais
      To revisit Bruno Dente's extraordinary research path is also an exploration of the development of policy studies in Italy from the 1970s to Dente's final experiments aimed at improving the quality of interaction between policymakers and policy researchers. At the heart of Dente's scientific vision lie theories and methods of policy evaluation that are sensitive to two different sources of complexity: the nature of policy problems and the relationship between the evaluator and the evaluated. For this reason, I focus on policy evaluation to explain the social, cultural, and political context of his enterprise. For our generation, public policy research was a discovery of the American policy sciences of democracy – a single trajectory from evaluation to the essence of democracy, something that was entirely original in the landscape of the then nascent discipline of political science in Italy. I then jump forward 50 years to offer a critical assessment of policy evaluation in Italy in light of Bruno's vision. Here the comparison of Italy with France shows the different path to the institutionalization of evaluation, showing that little or nothing of what Bruno envisioned has been embedded in Italian institutions. This has happened because of limitations and deficiencies not only in the demand for policy evaluation, but also on the supply side. This conclusion sheds light on the breadth of policy vision, but also on the critical variables that engaged researchers have to take into account when moving from research to practice and to the impact on political institutions.
  • Book Review