Contenu du sommaire : Ageing in Place in China: Small facilities, Community-family Care Integration, and Governmental Coordination

Revue China perspectives Mir@bel
Numéro no 134, 2023
Titre du numéro Ageing in Place in China: Small facilities, Community-family Care Integration, and Governmental Coordination
Texte intégral en ligne Accessible sur l'internet
  • Special Feature

    • Ageing in Place in China: Small Facilities, Community-family Care Integration, and Governmental Coordination - Shiufai Wong p. 3-7 accès libre
    • Practice Models of Rural China's Ageing in Place: From the Perspective of Multiple Collaborative Governance - Yanxia Zhang, Chuanhong Zhang p. 9-18 accès libre avec résumé en anglais
      China's large-scale rural-urban migration and the ageing of its rural population has intensified the challenges of traditional family care. However, the majority of its rural elderly are reluctant to leave the village acquaintance society even after they are too old or sick to take care of themselves, and ageing in the village community is their primary choice. While various practice models of ageing in place (AIP) supported by the local government and communities have emerged in some pioneering areas of rural China, the existing literature has provided very little comparative analysis on these practice models. Based on firsthand data collected from field studies in rural Jiangsu, East China, this article compares and analyses three main AIP practice models, i.e., home-based care funded by the government and provided by volunteers, day care provided by community care centres, and institutional care provided by village-based “happiness homes” and senior apartments. The roles and operational mechanisms of the government, social organisations, market, and local community in promoting AIP in rural areas are discussed from a perspective of multiple collaborative governance. Moreover, effective partnership between different stakeholders for further development of AIP in rural China for the construction of rural age-friendly communities with improved socialised elder care facilities and systems is discussed. The research has significant implications for the promotion of AIP worldwide.
    • Provision and Utilisation of Community Care Services in Beijing, China - Yang Cheng, Ruiqing Guang, Xinxin Sun, David Phillips, Mark Rosenberg p. 19-29 accès libre avec résumé en anglais
      “Ageing in place” is the preferred choice for the majority of older persons in China, and community care services support them in living in their homes as long as possible. Based on statistics, interview data, and policy documents, this study analyses the provision and utilisation of community care facilities in Beijing by conducting spatial and qualitative analysis based on structuration theory. The mapping and spatial analysis reveal spatial inequity in the allocation of community care facilities in Beijing, which increased from 494 in 2017 to 1,201 in 2020. Communities in suburban areas, where the older population is growing the fastest, have poorer spatial accessibility to community care services than those located in the central city. Qualitative analysis based on interviews with 28 older residents in six communities, and six managers and staff members of community care facilities, revealed high demands for community care services including daily life support, emotional support, and healthcare services, with low utilisation of the services and many challenges for service provision. Poor perception and evaluation of the services by older persons result in low utilisation of the services. Financial difficulties in service provision and limited support from the government are the major challenges reported by the managers. Strategies have also been developed to meet these challenges by the older persons and managers. Text analysis of policy documents shows the development of regulations and policies on the construction, support, and quality management of the community care system. The complex dynamics of interaction between structure and agency in resource allocation and daily practice of service delivery shapes the provision and utilisation of community care services as a relatively new mode for aged care in China. The findings support understanding the challenges of community care service provision and utilisation from a health geography perspective. Joint efforts from local governments, communities, the private sector, and older residents are needed to support ageing in place in Beijing.
    • The Effects of the Internet on Well-being Among Older Adults Ageing in Place: The Roles of Subjective Income and Social Trust - Jiansong Zheng, Tao Zhang p. 43-55 accès libre avec résumé en anglais
      The rapid construction of electronic infrastructure in China has accelerated and promoted the application of the Internet, which improves the quality of life of older adults especially when they choose to age in place. However, it remains unclear how the Internet impacts the well-being of older adults, particularly in China. Based on China Family Panel Studies over the four periods of 2014, 2016, 2018, and 2020, panel models and mediation analysis were employed to explore the effects of two dimensions of the Internet, including internet perceptions (perceived importance of the Internet for information retrieval) and internet use, on the well-being of older adults in China. The results showed that (1) the internet perceptions of older adults significantly and positively predicted their subjective well-being; (2) the higher levels of older adults' internet perceptions were related to the higher degrees of their subjective income and social trust, which in turn promoted their subjective well-being; (3) older adults' internet use significantly improved their subjective well-being; (4) older netizens with lower levels of subjective income tended to have higher levels of subjective well-being, while social trust did not play a mediating role in the association between internet use and subjective well-being among China's older adults. The internet perceptions and internet use of older adults exhibited consistent positive effects on their well-being, but there are differences in their mediating mechanisms. Therefore, it is necessary to transform digital services into more age-friendly modules and optimise the internet environment for older adults.
    • Family Structure and Subjective Well-being of Older Adults in China: Impacts of Grandparent Coresidence, Grandparenting, and Family Support - Mengtong Chen, Yuanyuan Fu p. 31-42 accès libre avec résumé en anglais
      Two generations of investigative journalists are mixed together in Chinese editorial boards: those who started before 2010 and those who came after. The former contributed to the rise of investigative journalism in commercial media outlets in the 1990s and 2000s, and the latter have experienced the economic crisis of the traditional outlets and neo-authoritarianism since the rise to power of Xi Jinping. Interviews with 29 investigative journalists show that a transformation of professional values has occurred in the under 35 generation compared to their peers over 35, as the media ecosystem itself transformed in the 2010s. Changes in the journalists' academic training and social origin have also contributed to this transformation of values, which ultimately serves Xi Jinping's long-term authoritarian political agenda.
  • Articles

    • Reciprocity and Mediation Between the State and Society: An Overview of Chinese Business Associations in Chile - Jorge Moraga, Alejandro Garcés, Adrián Saavedra, Rodrigo Manríquez, Qingjun Wu p. 57-66 accès libre avec résumé en anglais
      This article analyses present-day Chinese business associations in Chile in terms of their different territorial origins and types of membership, how leadership is created, and how the associations relate to the Chinese and Chilean states and their respective societies. We propose that (1) new forms of cohesion are putting tension on traditional connections between territorial relationships and areas of origin; (2) monetary and symbolic debts connect individuals and institutions, creating and legitimising leaders; and (3) Chinese business associations in Chile develop mechanisms for mediating the interests of their members, Chinese state policies, and accommodation within the Chilean social and political structure.
    • The 996 Working Pattern in Chinese Internet Firms: How Hegemonic Despotism Promotes Long Working Hours for Employees - Xiaojing Zheng, Zitong Qiu p. 67-78 accès libre avec résumé en anglais
      The 996 working pattern has increasingly become one of the most salient employment problems among Chinese internet firms, yet existing research still provides very little insight into what really causes employees to work on a 996 or even 007 schedule. In this article, the authors highlight a rearticulation of hegemonic despotism to account for the 996 working pattern in internet firms. Drawing on qualitative fieldwork in six China-based internet firms, the authors determine that the most prominent and coercive mechanism behind the 996 working pattern is that of informal-flexible-allied despotism, which generates the cumulative effects of high risk of job loss and permanent unemployment. The complementary hegemonic mechanisms that rely on normative control and career identification provide explanations for employee compliance and willingness to keep striving. This article is among the first to examine the 996 working pattern in China. It also contributes to labour process analysis by providing an updated version of hegemonic despotism for understanding the contemporary workplace. Moreover, this study has practical implications in enabling beneficial changes to the 996 working pattern.
    • Reconnecting to the Great Civilisation: The Strategy of Revitalising the Hakka Unicorn Dance in Hong Kong's Hang Hau through the Intangible Cultural Heritage System - Tik-sang Liu p. 79-88 accès libre avec résumé en anglais
      The Hakka unicorn dance, with reference to mythical animals in the great Chinese tradition, was developed by the Hakka people in Guangdong for religious and societal purposes. This dancing tradition was brought by Hakka migrants to Hong Kong in the eighteenth century. Most Hakka villages established their own unicorn dance troupes to serve the needs of their local village communities. Since the 1960s, however, this local tradition has been under the threat of vanishing due to the loss of young players and the rapid urbanisation process. With the Hakka unicorn dance in Hang Hau, Hong Kong, being named as an item on the Chinese national list of intangible cultural heritage in 2014, an opportunity to conserve the unicorn dance became available to the villagers. In the process of revitalisation, the Hakka villagers emphasised the authentic cultural meanings of their unicorn dance and defined their tradition as an inherently Chinese one that aligned with the national framework.
  • Book Reviews