Sign@l - Trésors vivants, biens communs et mise en tourisme de l'Agdal de Yagour dans la Vallée du Zat – Haut Atlas Occidental Maroc

Contenu de l'article

Titre

Trésors vivants, biens communs et mise en tourisme de l'Agdal de Yagour dans la Vallée du Zat – Haut Atlas Occidental Maroc

Auteur Said Boujrouf, Ayoub El Ouarti, Fatima Ezzahra El Khadali, Said Abannay, Carmen Romera, Nada Baki, Véronica Blanco
Mir@bel Revue Maghreb-Machrek
Numéro no 240, 2019/2 Politique de développement local et international du Maroc
Rubrique/Thématique
Dossier - Politique de développement local et international du Maroc
Page 11-26
Résumé Le Yagour est un territoire de transhumance qui a des atouts naturels et paysagers et qui recèle des héritages à haute valeur patrimoniale. Cet article met en lumière les changements socio-spatiaux que connait le plateau du Yagour et qui devraient l'affronter incessamment à de nombreux défis, notamment ceux de sa mise en tourisme. Dans un second temps, nous analysons l'impact que pourrait avoir la valorisation par le tourisme sur ce territoire et ses populations. Enfin, en tenant compte de la grande diversité des acteurs opérant sur ce territoire, nous questionnons le rôle de la médiation et celui du tourisme comme « opérateur » facilitant la médiation entre les acteurs dans le but de répondre aux nouveaux enjeux territoriaux.
Source : Éditeur (via Cairn.info)
Résumé anglais The plateau of Yagour is one of the high places of the cultural and natural heritage of the northern watershed of the Toubkal massif in Morocco. Through his inheritances, he attests to a long adaptation of the Man to his environment. Indeed, since the prehistory, the residents of the Yagour have adopted agro-pastoralism as a way of life. Through their ancestral know-how, they maintain a symbiosis between two productive systems, namely agriculture (vegetable, cereal and fruit), and extensive livestock farming. Common property shared and managed by rights holders from neighboring valleys, the Yagour constitutes a resource of reserve and survival during the dry season. The villagers' then transhumate in the summer pastures of the Yagour which they have commonly reserved for natural regeneration from the beginning of spring to the beginning of summer. In addition to this management system locally called “Agdal”, the Yagour is full of heritage treasures including rock carvings dating back more than 2000 years before our era for the oldest. These trace the history and evolution of the predecessors of the mountain people around the Yagour.
Today, this place of sacredness and ancestral culture undergoes various socio-spatial changes that constrain the perpetuity of its inheritances and landscapes. The development of the accessibility of the Yagour favors the mobility of riparian populations and, of course, tourists. Straddling between the valley of mass tourism of “Ourika” and the valley barely touristic of the “Zat”, the Yagour plateau should in the near future face the challenges of the tourism industry.
In the face of such an upheaval and in order to ensure the sustainability and promotion of the various heritage resources, this article will first examine the changes and developments in the different production systems, their trends of convergence or divergence, and the resulting synergies and competitions. In a second phase, we will discuss the potential and the challenges that tourism could bring to this territory, its heritage and the people who live there. Finally, we will examine the role of mediation between actors, in their nested and hierarchical system, in order to face the new stakes of this territory, as well as the role of tourism as a facilitator of this mediation.
Source : Éditeur (via Cairn.info)
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